Recommendations

Project Type # Outcome Report Year FEC
CBird: Seabird Expert Group1.7Reduce the negative impact of commercial fisheries on adult survival. 1.7.1. (Connected to 1.5.1.) Address how to develop sustainable commercial fisheries considering the added effects of rapid ecosystem changes due to climate change. 1.7.2. Ensure that the management of commercial fisheries on key prey species as well as key ecosystem components is based on best available knowledge and a precautionary approach. 1.7.3. Assess and reduce bycatch in commercial fishing activities, in possible collaboration with AMBI.International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction4.6Research and monitoring: 20. Develop comprehensive research agendas for each species, 21. Estimate population size, productivity, survivorship, and movements for each major eider populations , 22. Study effects of contaminants on eiders, 23. Develop monitoring plans for eidersCircumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1997
CBird: Seabird Expert Group1.2Reduce the threat from illegal killing. 1.2.1 Support education materials and/or law enforcement efforts in support of existing regulations to prevent illegal killingInternational Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction4.1Consumptive use: 1.Develop international harvest plans, 2. Establish appropriate harvest rules , 3.Obtain reliable harvest estimates , 4. Evaluate the opportunity for guided hunts, 5. Support egg and down collection programs. Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1997
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupCoordination and consultation Objective Ensure proper coordination with existing programs that affect Ivory Gulls, and encourage awareness of this Ivory Gull Strategy and broad participation in its implementation. Actions • Support other international and national Ivory Gull conservation initiatives. • Review existing programs and plans that affect Ivory Gulls to assure proper coordination as plans develop to implement the Strategy. • Enlist the support of people and groups that are interested in Ivory Gulls; especially local northern residents. • Solicit evaluation of actions carried out under the Strategy by specialists in Ivory Gull biology and other relevant disciplines. • Prepare periodic reports summarizing the status of Ivory Gull populations and accomplishments in Ivory Gull conservation. • Ensure that Ivory Gull conservation projects include an educational component.International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2008
CBird: Seabird Expert Group4.5

Determine predation rates and the best mitigation measures to reduce the impact.

4.5.1. Investigate the magnitude and effect of predation at population level.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction4.3

Reporting

8. Report annually to CAFF on each nation's progress in implementing this action plan.

9. Meet regularly to revise objectives and actions on the basis of shared information.

International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1996
CBird: Seabird Expert Group3.3

Protect and manage key habitats on landand at sea as a significant contribution to safeguard populations.

3.3.1. Prepare a summary of protected areas containing important kittiwake habitats.

3.3.2. Evaluate the potential of ongoing tools such as the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas and other mechanisms to protect habitats important to kittiwakes.

3.3.3. Identify important kittiwake habitats on land and at sea still requiring protection and designate them under national and international systems of protected areas (e.g. Birdlife International’s Important Bird Areas or OSPAR).

3.3.4. Identify, evaluate and implement additional conservation mechanisms such as treaties, agreements, regulations, and policies of value. Consider also collaboration with AMBI.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction3.4

Habitat protection and enhancement

12. Identify important murre colonies and designate them under national and international systems of protected areas.

13. Promote the establishment of marine protected areas in important pelagic habitats for murres.

14. Contribute to the "Important Bird Areas" system to highlight important areas for murres.

15. Explore the establishment of an international network to identify and protect key areas for murres.

16. Ensure that conservation action will benefit populations, by assessing causes of population declines from an ecosystem perspective.

17. Undertake specific restoration activities to assist depressed populations to recover.

International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1996
CBird: Seabird Expert Group2.4

Reduce the negative impact of commercial fisheries on breeding success.

2.4.1. Ensure industrial fisheries of pelagic forage fish such as capelin, herring and sandeel are not at a level that limits kittiwakes’ food supply.

2.4.2. Increase research into the resource competition between seabird and fisheries and how this should influence quotas.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert Group1.9

Monitor occurrence ofdiseases in seabird populations.

1.9.1. Monitor bird flu and other diseases and minimize their impacts.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction5.2

Collaboration and cooperation:

4. Prepare "National Implementation Plans",

5. Enlist the participation of regional and local governments,

6. Obtain assistance from local residents and eider specialists

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1997
CBird: Seabird Expert Group1.4

Reduce predation.

1.4.1 Remove non-native predators in key breeding colonies.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction4.3

Commercial activities:

8. Identify eiders populations and habitats at risk from oil pollution,

9. Reduce eider mortality caused by commercial fisheries activities.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1997
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAdvice

Setting priorities

Guidelines

  • Identify which actions are already being addressed, which actions deserve highest priority for new work, and which of these high priority actions require international collaboration.
  • Give high priority to actions likely to reveal the causes of Ivory Gull declines or to reverse such declines.
  • Among new work to be initiated under the Strategy, give high priority to helping establish international, national, or regional Ivory Gull monitoring programs.
International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2008
CBird: Seabird Expert Group

Non-consumptive use

Objective Encourage non-consumptive use of Ivory Gulls that do not threaten their populations and ensure that non consumptive use of Ivory Gulls is sustainable.

Action

  • Evaluate risks to breeding Ivory Gulls from tourism and other human activities.
  • Prepare guidelines for tourist operators tominimize their impacts on Ivory Gulls.
  • Work to support education and/or enforcement efforts in support of existing harvest regulations to prevent illegal harvest.
International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2008
CBird: Seabird Expert Group4.2

Improvement of knowledge on limiting demographic factors.

4.2.1. Develop a comprehensive research agenda for each population specifying what information is most needed, how it will be used, and which countries will be involved. Relate this to the Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan and evaluate if necessary.

4.2.2. For each major kittiwake breeding population, estimate population size, productivity, adult survival rates, and identify migration routes and wintering grounds. Also investigate survival rates and distribution of the immature birds.

4.2.3 Investigate the breeding success and population estimates for a larger proportion of the circumpolar population.

4.2.4. Investigate the genetic structures in the different populations.

4.2.5. Implement the Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan (CBird 2015) throughout the circumpolar Arctic.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction3.6

Research and monitoring:

22. Coordinate circumpolar murre population monitoring and store data in standardized databases.

23. Conduct research on population demography at circumpolar monitoring sites.

24. Develop a coordinated circumpolar murre banding program.

25. Monitor murre feeding ecology and food availability.

26. Monitor murre mortality due to oil pollution, commercial fisheries, and hunting.

27. Conduct research to develop techniques to reduce entrapment in fishing nets.

28. Develop management techniques to restore habitats and populations.

29. Consider the effects of global warming and local eutrophication on murre populations.

30. Assess the need to conduct research into the genetics of murre populations.

International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1996
CBird: Seabird Expert Group2.6

Reduce the threat of anthropogenic pollution.

2.6.1. Reduce marine litter and plastics by raising public awareness, and through facilitation of environment-friendly handling of garbage etc.

2.6.2. Reduce the risk of local oil spills close to breeding colonies by regulating nearby human activities.

International Black-legged Kittiwake - Conservation Strategy and Action Plan2021
CBird: Seabird Expert GroupAction3.1

Consumptive use:

  1. Ensure that consumptive uses of murres are sustainable.
  2. Monitor harvest levels and assess their impacts on populations.
  3. Harmonize management and harvest regimes for shared populations.
  4. Involve local and Indigenous people in the management of consumptive uses.
International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan1996