Marine Monitoring

Documents from the Marine Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

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Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update U.S.A., 2019

CBird country update USA 2019 ColorW WL Final 1The Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan (Irons et al. 2015; CAFF Monitoring Report No. 17) included the USA seabird monitoring sites and actions, which are primarily implemented by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). In turn, the USFWS, through collaboration with other CBird members, refined their monitoring scheme to facilitate comparisons across circumpolar regions, with a focus on three key Focal Ecosystem Components - thick-billed murres, common murres, and black-legged kittiwakes.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update United Kingdom, 2019

CBird country update UK 2019 ColorW Final 1The UK's involvement in the CAFF CBIRD group is driven by the following priorities:

our UK Arctic Policy Framework which has a commitment to help understand and protect the Arctic environment and is based on the principle of respect for the sovereign rights of the Arctic States, the indigenous peoples and others who live there, and for the Arctic environment;

our implementation of multi-lateral environmental agreements which are relevant to the Arctic (AEWA, CBD, CITES and others) including related targets such as the Aichi targets;

our desire to cooperate in the conservation of migratory wildlife we share with the Arctic; and,

our willingness to share the data we gather, whether from the UK or elsewhere, on such shared wildlife.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Norway, 2019

CBird country update NORWAY 2019 Colorw WL final 1CBird addresses and coordinates work on issues related to seabird management and research that are very relevant for seabird research and management at the national level in Norway. Issues of particular relevance for Norway are international status assessments (e.g. SAMBR), species-specific conservation strategies and action plans (eiders, guillemots, ivory gull), assessments of seabird harvest and bycatch of seabirds in fisheries, and the development of a joint seabird monitoring programme for the circumpolar Arctic.

CBird helps putting the national work into a larger context and facilitates contact between scientist and managers in the Arctic countries.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update, Japan, 2019

CBird country update JAPAN 2019 ColorW WL final 1Based on its Arctic Policy, Japan aims to make full use of its strength in science and technology and promote Arctic Research to contribute to policy decision making and problem solving.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Iceland, 2019

CBird country update ICELAND 2019 Colorw WL final 1Avian monitoring status and species prioritization were compiled in a report by Guðmundsson & Skarphéðinsson (2012).

CBird listed the current Icelandic seabird monitoring programs in the Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan (Irons et al. 2015, CAFF Monitoring Report No.17).

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Greenland, 2019

CBird country update GREENLAND 2019 colorw WL Final 1A national priority for Greenland is to balance the preservation of wildlife while still allowing human exploitation on some of the same resources. Among the seabirds, several important havested species are shared with other Arctic countries, implying that the responsibility to secure a sustainable harvest is also shared between countries.

 
Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update France, 2019

CBird country update FRANCE 2019 Color w WL Final 1The French National Roadmap for the Arctic defines the protection of the marine environment as well as research and scientific cooperation as two of the French policy priorities in the Arctic and is thereby in agreement with CBird objectives. CBird objectives are also compatible with research work carried on seabirds by teams funded by the French Polar Institute and the CNRS. Research works are operated in Svalbard, Greenland, Norway and built-up collaboration with Arctic nations. These activities are also in line with the French Arctic Initiative work plan exposing the main axes of research to be explored by the French scientific community in order to further understand the major issues affecting the Arctic.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Finland, 2019

CBird country update FINLAND 2019 Color WL final 1CBird background processes, e.g. AMBI, are important also in national work. In addition, significant synergies could be obtained as to seabird monitoring that nationally feed into e.g. HELCOM and EU reportings. While the Baltic Sea falls outside many Arctic sea area delineations, it hosts several CBird target species, many of which also are among national priorities.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Faroe Islands, 2019

CBird country update FAROES 2019 ColorW WL final 1The national priorities in the Faroes are to preserve the nature at the same time as some species are exploited for food and leisuretime activities. However, to do this properly in a sustainable way, regarding seabirds, we need much more information about the different seabird populations, for example their sizes, fluctuations and breeding biology. Most of the information is from the island Skúvoy, which is in the middle of the Faroe Islands, and the results about fluctuations in the guillemots, kittiwakes and fulmars are from a study area (figure 1) on this island. Now that tourism is rapidly increasing and boat trips to the seabird cliffs and hiking trips through seabird colonies are among the most attractive leisure-time activities it is a challenge to implement rules to minimize disturbance caused by these activities.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird) Implementation Update Canada, 2019

CBird country update CANADA 2019 ColorW WL Final 1The CBird North Atlantic Murre Harvest Model will inform assessment and development of national and international harvest management strategies for declining populations of thick-billed murre. Ensuring sustainable harvest levels aligns with Environment and Climate Change Canada's mandate, the goals of AMBI, and the CBird Strategy and Action Plan for Murres.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: United States, 2019

190903 US thumbnailA 2019 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the United States.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Norway, 2019

190903 NORWAY ThumbnailA 2019 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Iceland, 2019

190903 ICELAND ThumbnailA 2019 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Canada, 2019

190903 CANADA ThumbnailA 2019 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Greenland, 2019

190903 GREENLAND ThumbnailA 2019 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Greenland.

Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Volume 2

Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region is intended for all who do research in and monitoring of marine eco­systems in the Arctic. It presents accounts for 205 species with maps of global distribution and descriptions of morphology and habitat, as well as a photographic identification guide. Information on 24 other species present only in the fringes of the Arctic Region or taxonomically problematic is given in the introductions to the fish families. As the Arctic continues to warm, more cold-temperate species are expected to enter the region and the distribution of true Arctic species will likely retract as the area of ice-covered cold water shrinks. The maps in this atlas can be used to compare future changes in distributions. The identification guide will be particu­larly helpful for identifying cold-water species, since fewer identification tools are available for this group of fishes. 

Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Volume 1

Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region is intended for all who do research in and monitoring of marine eco­systems in the Arctic. It presents accounts for 205 species with maps of global distribution and descriptions of morphology and habitat, as well as a photographic identification guide. Information on 24 other species present only in the fringes of the Arctic Region or taxonomically problematic is given in the introductions to the fish families. As the Arctic continues to warm, more cold-temperate species are expected to enter the region and the distribution of true Arctic species will likely retract as the area of ice-covered cold water shrinks. The maps in this atlas can be used to compare future changes in distributions. The identification guide will be particu­larly helpful for identifying cold-water species, since fewer identification tools are available for this group of fishes.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Greenland, 2017

A 2017 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Greenland.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Canada, 2017

A 2017 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Norway, 2017

A 2017 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2016: Annual report on the implementation of the CBMP's Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2016 and a work plan for the coming year.

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.  

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland. 

This atlas and guide presents results of the Russian American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) fish investigations conducted by bottom trawl in the Pacific Arctic region northward from Bering Strait. Species accounts provide documentation of the biodiversity and geographic distribution baselines with maps supported by citation of voucher specimens, catch records, and literature; habitat and morphological descriptions; and remarks on taxonomic issues with implications from DNA barcoding. Pages of fish photographs with labeled features are grouped separately in an identification guide. 

This report summarizes the initial set of satellite data products included in the CAFF Land Cover Change (LCC) Initiative. The LCC Initiative has been developed to harness the potential of remote sensing for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. 

Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan

A circumpolar plan to monitor seabird populations, created by CAFF's CBird Expert Group as part of the marine component of CAFF's Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Mise en oeuvre du plan de surveillance de la biodiversité marine dans lArctique : mise à jour au Canada en 2012

A progress report of the Land Cover Change Index, an initiative to create a framework to harness remote sensing potential for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. This document reports on progress made in Phase 1 of this initiative 2013-2015.

A progress report to the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, Iqaluit, Canada, April 2015 on CAFF's traditional knowledge and community-based monitoring work.

This report describes the progress that has been made in 2014 to implement the CBMP Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is the Canadian contribution to the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The overall objective of the Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term changes in the structure and function of Canadian arctic marine ecosystems. The Canadian Marine Plan integrates existing scientific and community-based marine biodiversity data and information. 

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the second year of implementation (2013).

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (full report)

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (SAMBR) is a synthesis of the state of knowledge about biodiversity in Arctic marine ecosystems, detectable changes, and important gaps in our ability to assess state and trends in biodiversity across six focal ecosystem components (FECs): marine mammals, seabirds, marine fishes, benthos, plankton, and sea ice biota.

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.5: Seabirds

Seabirds chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering eight Focal Ecosystem Components: glaucous gull, ivory gull, least auklet, little auk, common murre, thick-billed murre, black-legged kittiwake, common eider.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.6: Marine mammals

Marine mammals chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering 11 Focal Ecosystem Components: walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), spotted seal (Phoca largha), ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata), harp seal (Phoca groenlandica) hooded seal (Cystophora cristata), beluga (Delphinapterus leucas), bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), narwhal (Monodon monoceros), and polar bear (Ursus maritimus).

 

The Arctic Report Card annually tracks and reports on the status and trends of the Arctic. 

The Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Marine Plan) is the first of the CBMP’s four pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans. The overall goal of the CBMP-Marine Plan is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic marine ecosystems, as well as to develop authoritative assessments of key elements of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g., key indicators, ecologically pivotal and/or other important taxa).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report identifies trends in key marine species and points to important gaps in biodiversity monitoring efforts across key ecosystem components in: sea ice biota, plankton, benthos, marine fishes, seabirds and marine mammals. Changes in these species are likely to indicate changes in the overall marine environment.


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