The Sea Ice Biota Expert Network is accumulating historical data from the literature and unpublished sources, and verifying the taxonomy of ice algae species.

Norway has funded a post-doctoral student to and work is underway to determine sea ice algae diversity and abundance, list macrofauna species and abundance, and meiofauna diversity. 

The network will use six indicators identified for the Russian-Norwegian Barents Sea region within the Atlantic Arctic Marine Area. Effort is underway to identify who is working with Arctic sea ice biota, and where. Publications are in progress.

For additional information on sea ice biodiversity please check out CAFF's report, Life Linked to Ice: a guide to sea-ice-associated biodiversity in this time of rapid change


Sea ice biota publication list 


Assmy P., J.K. Ehn, M. Fernández-Méndez, H. Hop, C. Katlein, A. Sundfjord, K. Bluhm, M. Daase, A. Engel, A. Fransson, M.A. Granskog, S.R. Hudson, S. Kristiansen, M. Nicolaus, I. Peeken, A.H.H. Renner, G. Spreen, A. Tatarek, J. Wiktor. 2013. Floating ice-algal aggregates below melting Arctic sea ice. PLoS ONE 8(10): e76599. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076599. Open access.

Collins, R. E., & Deming, J. W. (2013). An inter-order horizontal gene transfer event enables the catabolism of compatible solutes by Colwellia psychrerythraea 34HExtremophiles17(4), 601-610.

Comeau, A. M., Philippe, B., Thaler, M., Gosselin, M., Poulin, M., & Lovejoy, C. (2013). Protists in  drift and landfast sea ice. Journal of Phycology, 49(2), 229-240.

Hop H., and H. Gjøsæter. 2013. Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) and capelin (Mallotus villosus) as key species in marine food webs of the Arctic and the Barents Sea. Marine Biology Research 9: 912-928

Melnikov, I.A. and N.V. Chernova. 2013. Characteristics of under-ice swarming of polar cod Boreogadus saida (Gadidae) in the Central Arctic Ocean. Journal of Ichthyology 53 (1) 7-15

Meltofte H., T. Barry, D. Berteaux, H. Bültmann, J.S. Christiansen, J.A. Cook, A. Dalhberg, F.J.A. Daniëls, D. Ehrich, J. Fjeldså, F. Friöriksson, B. Ganter, A.J. Gaston, L.J. Gillespie, L. Grenoble, E.P. Hoberg, I.D. Hodkinson, H.P. Huntington, R.A. Ims, A.B. Josefson, S.J. Kutz, S.L. Kuzmin, K.L. Laidre, D.R. Lassuy, P.N. Lewis, C. Lovejoy, C. Michel, V. Mokievsky, T. Mustonen, D.C. Payer, M. Poulin, D.G. Reid, J.R. Reist, D.F. Tessler, F.J. Wrona. 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Synthesis. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri. 124 p.

Nelson, R. J., Ashjian, C. J., Bluhm, B. A., Conlan, K. E., Gradinger, R. R., et al. (2014). Biodiversity and Biogeography of the Lower Trophic Taxa of the Pacific Arctic Region: Sensitivities to Climate Change. In The Pacific Arctic Region (pp. 269-336). Springer Netherlands.

Søreide J.E., M.L. Carroll, H. Hop, W.G. Ambrose Jr., E.N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen. 2013. Sympagic-pelagic-benthic coupling in Arctic and Atlantic waters around Svalbard revealed by stable isotopic and fatty acid tracers. Marine Biology Research 9: 892-911

Søgaard, D. H., Thomas, D. N., Rysgaard, S., Glud, R. N., Norman, L., Kaartokallio, H., Juul-Pedersen, T. & Geilfus, N. X. (2013). The relative contributions of biological and abiotic processes to carbon dynamics in subarctic sea ice. Polar Biology, 36(12), 1761-1777.


Berge J, Ø. Varpe, M.A. Moline, A. Wold, P.E. Renaud, M. Daase, S. Falk-Petersen. 2012. Retention of endemic keystone species in a future ice-free Arctic Ocean. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0517. (Open access) 


Poulin M, N. Daugbjerg, R. Gradinger, L. Ilyash, T. Ratkova, C. Quillfeldt. 2011. The pan-Arctic biodiversity of marine pelagic and sea-ice unicellular eukaryotes: a first-attempt assessment. Marine Biodiversity 41: 13-28 doi 10.1007/s12526-010-0058-8




Michel Poulin
Canadian Museum of Nature

Eric Collins
University of Manitoba


Thomas Juul Pedersen

 Greenland Institute of Natural Resources


Bodil Bluhm*

University of Tromso


Igor Melnikov

P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology


Eric Collins

University of Alaska Fairbanks

 * indicates current lead(s)


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