All Monitoring Documents

All Monitoring Documents

Access all monitoring related documents from CAFF.

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Arctic Freshwater Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2013: Annual report on the implementation of the CBMP's Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

This report describes the progress made since December 2012, when implementation of the CBMP-Freshwater Plan began.

The Atlantic Gateway proposal of a standardized long term monitoring of benthos: The CBMP Marine Benthos Expert Network

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: scientific poster

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including key management questions, benefits, and approach.

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

The CBMP Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (CBMP-TEMG) has developed the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Terrestrial Plan/the Plan) as the framework for coordinated, long-term Arctic terrestrial biodiversity monitoring. The goal of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan is to improve the collective ability of Arctic traditional knowledge (TK) holders, northern communities, and scientists to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity.

CBMP Strategic Plan 2013-2017: Phase 2, Implementation of the CBMP

This next generation CBMP strategic plan will focus on continuing to implement those strategies while allowing for greater emphasis on interpretation, integration and communication of biodiversity information resulting from the CBMP Monitoring Plans. This plan outlines ongoing efforts to establish and maintain steering groups to implement the monitoring plans and manage and provide that information for ongoing and future assessments of Arctic biodiversity.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: scientific poster

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including the key questions, benefits, and approach.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: Canada 2012 Implementation

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

A Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears: Ursus Monograph Series

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan 2012 Implementation Update: The First Year

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2012

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

This document develops an Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (The Freshwater Plan) that details the rationale and framework for improvements related to the monitoring of freshwaters of the circumpolar Arctic, including ponds, lakes, their tributaries and associated wetlands, as well as rivers, their tributaries and associated wetlands. The monitoring framework aims to facilitate circumpolar assessments by providing Arctic countries with a structure and a set of guidelines for initiating and developing monitoring activities that employ common approaches and indicators. The Freshwater Plan is part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) that is working with partners to harmonize and enhance long-term Arctic biodiversity monitoring efforts in order to facilitate more rapid detection, communication and response to significant trends and pressures.

AMAP CAFF Coordinated Monitoring Effort Status Report, Narvik, Norway, 2007

Discussion results from a joint meeting between AMAP and CAFF to discuss coordinated monitoring efforts.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (full report)

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (SAMBR) is a synthesis of the state of knowledge about biodiversity in Arctic marine ecosystems, detectable changes, and important gaps in our ability to assess state and trends in biodiversity across six focal ecosystem components (FECs): marine mammals, seabirds, marine fishes, benthos, plankton, and sea ice biota.

Arctic Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom: Changes in the North American Arctic

This report, written in large part by Arctic indigenous peoples, acknowledges the importance of including Arctic indigenous peoples Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom (TK&W) in scientific efforts to fully understand the nature of biodiversity and biodiversity changes in the North.

CBMP Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

Discusses the history, purpose, approach perpectives, development and action plan for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Arctic Birds Bulletin 2010

A newsletter of the Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (ABBCS).

How to Include Community Based Monitoring and Traditional Knowledge into the SAON Process- a Proposal on Ways Forward

Proposals from the Sustaining Arctic Observing Network (SAON) Steering Group on how to incorporate community based monitoring and traditional knowledge into the SAON process.

Understanding Biodiversity Changes and Causes, Synergies in Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Research and Monitoring: Joint Workshop TEMG, INTERACT, IASC: Hvalso, Denmark: October 12, 2011

The overall goal of the workshop was to identify possible synergies between organisations and networks working with Arctic terrestrial biodiversity, and to agree on common actions to improve the collaboration and communication (see appendix 1 and 2 for further information about agenda and participants).

Proposed Protected Areas in the Circumpolar Arctic 1996

This report provides an overview of porposals made by CAFF countries for new and/or enlarged protected areas in the Arctic.

Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (TEMG): Designing an Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Workshop: Hvalso, Denmark: October 11-13, 2011

Proceedings of the first Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group workshop to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated, pan-Arctic, long-term terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan. 

The State of Protected Areas in the Circumpolar Arctic 1994

An assessment on the status of protected areas in the Arctic, as of 1994.

Circumpolar Protected Areas Monitoring Workshop Report: Gridwood, U.S.A.: March 28-30, 2011

The goal of the workshop was (i) for selected protected area experts and practitioners to discuss relevant arctic protected areas issues and opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity monitoring, (2) to review the provide opportunity for all Arctic Council country and permanent participants to share key monitoring considerations for the group to address; (3)and provide direction and enhancements to the draft protected area discussion paper in preparation for the development of an arctic protected area monitoring framework.

The Development of A Pan-Arctic Monitoring Plan for Polar Bears: Edmonton, Canada: February 19-21, 2011

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) Workshop: Uppsala, Sweden: November 22-25, 2010

A summary of the outcomes of the first international meeting of the Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

CBMP Coordination Meeting: Akureyri, Iceland: April 11-12, 2002

A meeting to discuss the implementation of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP, intended to detect changes in the natural environment, provide an early warning system, contribute to development and evaluation of national monitoring plans; and provide for timely and cost-effective sharing of information to Arctic and non-Arctic users.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on Climate Change: Rovaniemi, Finland: March 24-25, 1998

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on Climate Change: Rovaniemi, Finland: March 24-25, 1998 was held so that the two programs could jointly discuss the potential impacts of climate change on the Arctic and provide holistic recommendations to the Arctic Council.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on a Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program: Reykjavik, Iceland: February 7-9, 2000

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on a Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program: Reykjavik, Iceland: February 7-9, 2000 was held to advance work on biodiversity and climate change montioring in the circumpolar Arctic.

A Strategy for Coordination of Monitoring Activities Between CAFF and AMAP


A document designed to coordinate monitoring activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), as both working groups of the Arctic Council have vested interests in the biological effects of various impact factos including climate change.

Seabird Information Network: Concept Paper

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

A Strategy for Developing Indices and Indicators to Track Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity

A strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). Targeted and consistent reporting will help meet the program's information and communication needs.  

Available in Russian / на русском языке

International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD): A Foundation for Pan-Arctic biodiversity Studies Concept Paper

The concept paper behind the International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD), and international project to produce a complete database on vascular plants, bryophytes and liches that exist in the Arctic.

Global Flyway Scale Monitoring and Conservation Programs for Migratory Waterbirds of the Arctic

Highlights potential cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands international with a focus on inclusion of Wetland International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity monitoring Program (CBMP).

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #08, The Arctic Species Trend Index

The status and trend of indicator species #8, The Arctic Species Trend Index.

ECORA: Lessons Learned

Lessons learned from the ECORA project, acase study to adopt and implement integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures in Russia.

ECORA: An Integrated Ecosystems Management Approach to Conserve Biodiversity and Minimise Habitat Fragmentation in Three Selected Model Areas in the Russian Arctic

The ECORA project aimed to secure the integrity of some of the world’s last remaining pristine areas and support the livelihoods of indigenous and local peoples. The development objective of the project was the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Russian Arctic. The immediate objective was the adoption and initial implementation of integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures.

Available in Russian/на русском языке

A Strategy for Facilitating and Developing Community-based Monitoring: Approaches in Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring

A strategy for integrating Arctic community-based monitroing efforts into the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM): Mapping the Green Halo Concept Paper

The CBVM intends to produce an internationally agreed upon circumboreal vegetation map with a common legend and language for use in decision making.

Data Management and Communication for the CBMP: Cooperation Strategy between CAFF and the UNEP-WCMC

This discussion paper outlines ideas for bringing all efforts at monitoring biodiversity in the Arctic together, allowing for better coordination in implementing the programmes, and for more coordinated analysis of the results.

National Principles and Mechanisms for Protected Areas in the Arctic Countires

This paper reviews the principles, mechanisms and criteria used by CAFF countries to establish protected areas.

Gaps in Habitat Protected in the Circumpolar Arctic: A Preliminary Analysis

This report compiles information on proposed protected areas and an analysis of gaps in the network of existing and proposed protected areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques.

Values of Arctic Protected Areas: A Summary

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.

Protected Areas of the Arctic: Conserving a Full Range of Values

A report discussing the multitude of values found in Arctic protected areas. It presents case studies that demonstrate how protected areas conserve such values.

CBMP Five Year Implementation Plan: Developing an Integrated and Sustained Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring Network

Description of the main activities and focus of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) from March 2008-2013.

 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group: Background Paper


Provides an overview of the development of the monitoring and implementation plan of the Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (TEMG), who's overall goal is to produce the Arctic Terrestrial Montiroing Biodiversity Plan.

Expert Monitoring Network Plan: Shorebirds

A document to describe the goals and preliminary recommendations for the Committee for Holarctic Shorebird Monitoring (CHASM), an expert working group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP.)

The Conservation Value of Sacred Sites of Indigenous People of the Arctic: A Case Study in Northern Russia

A report arguing for the holistic approach to sacred sites management by exploring case studies in the Yamal and Koryak Autonomous Okrus.

Development of a Pan-Arctic Monitoring Plan for Polar Bears: Background paper

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

Expert Network Monitoring Plan: Rangifers

A background document for the development of a network to monitor Rangifer populations and the human interactions wtih this important resource.

Aleut Ethnobotany: An Annotated Bibliography

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Poster

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Brochure

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

A Framework for Monitoring Arctic Marine Mammals

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: Background Paper

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

Expert Monitoring Network Plan: International Tundra Experiment (ITEX)

An exploration of the International Tundra Experiment and how it could participate in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Network (CBMP).

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: Framework Document

This document provides an overview on the development of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, produced by a Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP), along with timelines for development of the FEMG.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Developing Integrated and Sustained Arctic Terrestrial and Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Networks

The findings of a workshop focused on fostering the development and implementation of coordinated, international research and monitoring networks for Arctic freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and the biodiversity they support.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Community-based Monitoring Discussion paper

A discussion for the development of a community-based monitoring component to the CBMP and examination of monitoring programs under development by the Permanent Participants of the Arctic Council.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Expert Network Monitoring Plan: World Reindeer Husbandry

Paper on reindeer husbandry and montioring in the Arctic and major associations and networks on the topic including the Association of World Reindeer Herders.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

CBMP Information Poster

A poster on the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Expert Monitoring Network Plan: Human-Wild Rangifer Systems

Paper describing the scope, purpose, need and status of the CircumArctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment (CARMA) Network based on discussions from the first two official annual meetings.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

CBMP Annual Report 2006

The 2006 Annual Report from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 

Community Based Monitoring Handbook: Lessons from the Arctic and Beyond


A broad assessment of community based monitoring for diverse audiences that explores different community based monitoring programs in an effort to highlight the best and most successful practices of each. It is also designed for use as a framework for custom-tailoring specific community-based monitoring projects, and as an application to monitoring efforts in non-Arctic regions.

 

Available in Chinese

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.

Framework for a Circumpolar Arctic Seabird Monitoring Network


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

Bering Sea Sub-Network Pilot Phase Final Report

This report provides an overview of the BSSN concept, its history, and the pilot project results. It informs the broader community of scientists, governments, and Arctic residents about the project’s findings and shares the lessons learned. The Bearing Sea Subnetwork Additionally offers a HTML version of the document. To look at the HTML version click here

 

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.5: Seabirds

Seabirds chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering eight Focal Ecosystem Components: glaucous gull, ivory gull, least auklet, little auk, common murre, thick-billed murre, black-legged kittiwake, common eider.

Bering Sea Sub-Network Annual Report 2008

The 2008 Annual Report of the Bearing Sea Sub-Network- International Community-Based Environmental Observation Alliance for the Arctic Observing Network (BSSN).

Arctic Report Card 2011

The Arctic Report Card annually tracks and reports on the status and trends of the Arctic. 

Circumpolar Protected Areas Monitoring: Arctic Protected Areas Monitoring Scheme Background Paper

Background paper for an Arctic protected areas monitoring scheme that would identify a suite of biodiversity monitoring measures that would be commonly monitored across the Arctic and implemented in a standardized way by each agency. This initiative is intended to enable coordinated reporting of biodiversity in Arctic protected areas and to provide a circumpolar understanding of change occurring within protected areas around the Arctic region.

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

The Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Marine Plan) is the first of the CBMP’s four pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans. The overall goal of the CBMP-Marine Plan is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic marine ecosystems, as well as to develop authoritative assessments of key elements of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g., key indicators, ecologically pivotal and/or other important taxa).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report identifies trends in key marine species and points to important gaps in biodiversity monitoring efforts across key ecosystem components in: sea ice biota, plankton, benthos, marine fishes, seabirds and marine mammals. Changes in these species are likely to indicate changes in the overall marine environment.

Arctic Birds Bulletin 2011

A newsletter of the Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (ABBCS).


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