Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #13, Appearing and Disappearing Lakes in the Arctic and their Impacts on Biodiversity

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #13, Appearing and Disappearing Lakes in the Arctic and their Impacts on Biodiversity

The Arctic contains a variety of types of lakes but overall, it is thermokarst lakes and ponds that are the most abundant and productive aquatic ecosystems in the Arctic. They are found extensively in the lowland regions of western and northern Alaska, Canada and Siberia. These (i.e., thaw) lakes are most commonly formed by the thaw of ice-rich permafrost, which leads to the collapse of ground levels and ponding of surface water in the depression. Continued thawing of the permafrost can lead to the drainage and eventual disappearance of these lakes, as can erosion and lake coalescence


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