Arctic Flora and Fauna: Recommendations for Conservation (2001) contains a series of thematic goals and recommendations arising from Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation the science-based overview of Arctic biodiversity and key conservation issues published by CAFF in 2001.imagecopy

The overall goal of Arctic nature conservation is to ensure that Arctic ecosystems and their biodiversity remain viable and vigorous for generations to come and, therefore, able to sustain human socioeconomic and cultural needs.

The recommendations address five key conservation challenges in the Arctic:

  1. Conserving species
  2. Conserving ecosystems and habitats
  3. Assessing and monitoring biodiversity
  4. Addressing global issues, and;
  5. Engaging society in conservation.


While the recommendations stem from a CAFF report, they are by no means directed solely at the CAFF community. Conservation requires the active participation of all sectors of society. These recommendations are presented in the hopes of encouraging greater co-operation and collaboration in Arctic conservation for the shared benefit of all.

CAFF recommends that the Arctic States in collaboration with indigenous people and communities, other Arctic residents, and stakeholders:


1. Conserving Species

The overall goal is to maintain vigorous populations of Arctic plant and animal species.

  • Identify threats to Arctic species of common conservation concern, and implement necessary conservation measures for species of concern that currently lack concerted international actions.
  • Assess the scope and impacts of non-endemic species in the circumpolar Arctic and develop appropriate response strategies.


 2.  Conserving Ecosystems and Habitats

  • Identify important freshwater, marine and terrestrial habitats in the Arctic and ensure their protection through the establishment of protected areas and other appropriate conservation measures.
  • Promote an ecosystem approach to resource use and management in the circumpolar Arctic, through, inter alia, the development of common guidelines and best practices.


 3. Assessing and Monitoring Arctic Biodiversity

  • Promote activities that identify and classify Arctic species and ecological processes to better understand Arctic ecosystems.
  • Build on national and international work to implement a program to monitor biodiversity at the circumpolar level that will allow for regional assessments, integration with other environmental monitoring programs, and comparison of the Arctic with other regions of the globe.


 4. Global Issues

  • Assess the interaction between global changes and Arctic biodiversity, and develop strategies to address negative impacts.
  • In co-operation with non-Arctic states, strengthen conservation measures for those migratory species that lack adequate protection outside of the Arctic.


 5. Engaging Society in Conservation

  • Document and incorporate into decision-making the full range of values of Arctic natural resources.
  • Promote formal and public education, including outreach to non-Arctic countries, on the values, conservation, and sustainable use of Arctic natural resources.
  • Encourage the participation of Arctic indigenous people, local communities, and schools in conserving and monitoring of Arctic species and ecosystems.

Arctic States

dk   ca   fi   is   no   ru   sw   usa

Permanent Participants

aac  raipon  icc   GCI Logo Vertical RGB 121x90  aia  saami_councile